Phase-Optimized K-SVD for Signal Extraction from Underdetermined Multichannel Sparse Mixtures

A. Deleforge and W. Kellermann (FAU Erlangen-Nuremberg)
IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), Brisbane, Australia, April 20-24, 2015.
[showhide type=”Abstract”]Abstract: We propose a novel sparse representation for heavily underdetermined multichannel sound mixtures, i.e., with much more sources than microphones. The proposed approach operates in the complex Fourier domain, thus preserving spatial characteristics carried by phase differences. We derive a generalization of K-SVD which jointly estimates a dictionary capturing both spectral and spatial features, a sparse activation matrix, and all instantaneous source phases from a set of signal examples. This dictionary can be used to extract the learned signal from a new input mixture. The method is applied to the challenging problem of ego-noise reduction for robot audition. We demonstrate its superiority relative to conventional dictionary-based techniques using real-room recordings.[/showhide]
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Paper: Paper_ICASSP_2015_FAU